This week on Murderous Minors, we look at the disappearances of 2 teens at CEDU Running Springs Boarding School thought to be linked to possible serial killer James Lee Crummel. We then cover some updates in news related to the troubled teen industry, including the arrests of Boyd and Stephanie Householder of the former Circle of Hope Girls Ranch and Boarding School. Topics also discussed include SYNANON; Dr. Bernard Forgey; Agape Boarding School; #breakingcodesilence; Danielle Bregoli (Bhad Bhabie): Missouri HB557 & 560.

Show Notes

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We Talk of Dreams 


Thao Hua, Scott Martelle. “Other possible molest victims of psychiatrist are being sought.” May 6, 1998.

Chuck Wyatt, Alpenhorn News. “Death row serial molester connected to CEDU.” November 12, 2009.

Lori Basheda, Orange County Register. “Mom vs. child killer:” guess who won?” June 7, 2012.

Lori Basheda, Orange County Register. “O.C. child killer hangs himself on death row.” May 30, 2012.

Lori Basheda, Orange County register. “O.C. child killer’s twisted road to death row.” May 29, 2012.

Matt Coker, OC Weekly. “James Lee Crummel’s death row suicide gives no closure to family of missing victim.” June 5, 2012.

Maia Szalavitz, Mother Jones. “The cult that spawned the tough-love teen industry.” September/October, 2007.

Dana Kennedy, “Missing kids at Paris Hilton’s boarding school possibly linked to convicted killer.” September 5, 2020.

Andy Hirschfeld, “The multi-billion dollar ‘troubled teen’ industry is getting a true-crime reckoning.” July 10, 2020.

“Expose Circle of Hope”

“Shutdown Agape Boarding School for documenting child abuse in 3 states”

Amanda on TikTok

Tyler Kingkade, Liz Brown, Keith Morrison, NBC News. “Legal loopholes allow abuse to go undetected at religious boarding schools, advocates say.” February 11, 2021.

Alisa Nelson, “Legislative effort to crack down on Missouri boarding schools after mounting claims of abuse and neglect.” February 11, 2021.

Judy L. Thomas, Laura Bauer. “Lawsuit alleges former student with autism suffered abuse at Missouri boarding school.” February 11, 2021.

Tyler Kingkade, Liz Brown, NBC News. “Christian boys school in Missouri under investigation as abuse claims mount.” February 26, 2021.

Tyler Kingkade, NBC News. “Girls alleged abuse at Circle of Hope Girls' Ranch for years. It stayed open until they got on TikTok.” September 25, 2020.

Associated Press. “Owners of Christian reform school in Missouri charged with more than 100 counts of abusing girls.” March 10, 2021.

Tyler Kingkade, Liz Brown, NBC News. “Circle of Hope Girls' Ranch owners charged with abuse after women spoke out on TikTok.” March 10, 2021.

Kay Jones, Gisela Crespo. “Former owners of girls boarding school facing more than 100 felony charges including statutory rape.” March 11, 2021.

Daniel Villarreal, Newsweek. “Bhad Bhabie details being forced to stay awake after being sent to Turn-About Ranch by Dr. Phil.” March 19, 2021.

Judy L. Thomas, Laura Bauer, Jill Toyoshiba, The Kansas City Star. “Circle of Hope owners ‘firmly assert their innocence,’ want lower bond in abuse case.” March 17, 2021.